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BTR EM Wilson Hasda thanks Assam CM for imparting pre-primary & primary education in Santali language

AssamBTR EM Wilson Hasda thanks Assam CM for imparting pre-primary & primary education in Santali language

Bodoland Territorial Region Executive Member(EM) Wilson Hasda on Saturday thanked Assam CM Dr. Himanta Biswa Sarma and the state cabinet for imparting pre-primary & primary education in Santali language in Assam.

Notably,  Santali is a language enlisted in the 8th schedule of the Constitution and spoken in many states.

EM Hasda Tweeted, “A historic day for Santals residing in Assam. The state cabinet under the leadership of HCM Dr. Himanta Biswa Sarma Ji has decided to impart pre-primary and primary education in Santali language. It is truly a proud day for the Santal people and the language listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India.

I thank the HCM Dr. Himanta Biswa Sarma Dangoriya and the Assam Cabinet from the bottom of my heart. I would also like to thank Hon’ble Assam Education Minister Dr. Ranoj Pegu Ji and Hon’ble CEM Shri Pramod Boro Ji for their efforts to strengthen and preserve the Santali language.
I am also grateful to the various organizations and student bodies who supported the cause.”
Earlier today, Informing the cabinet decision, State Education Minister Ranoj Pegu stated, “Introduction of Santali as a medium of instruction will help in providing pre-primary and primary education to Santali communities. Many states speak Santali, a language that is recognized in the Constitution’s 8th schedule.”
Mintu Hembrom, the President of All Santal Students’ Union, appreciating the decision, said, “The introduction of the Santali language in primary schools had been our long-standing demand. Apart from the All-Assam Santali Sahitya Sabha, we have been raising this demand since 2005. Therefore, I welcome this decision of the state cabinet. I hope the Assam government will take all adequate measures to take forward the Santali language as much as the Assamese language. The Santal community in Assam are elated by the government’s decision.”

Ol Chiki script

The Ol Chiki (ᱚᱞ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ) script, also known as Ol Chemetʼ (Santali: ol ‘writing’, chemet ‘learning’), Ol CikiOl, and sometimes as the Santali alphabet invented by Pandit Raghunath Murmu in the year 1925, is the official writing system for Santali, an Austroasiatic language recognized as an official regional language in India. It is one of the official scripts of the Indian Republic. It has 30 letters, the design of which is intended to evoke natural shapes. The script is written from left to right, and has two styles (the print Chapa style and cursive Usara style). Unicode does not maintain a distinction between these two, as is typical for print and cursive variants of a script. In both styles, the script is unicameral (that is, it does not have separate sets of uppercase and lowercase letters).

The Ol Chiki script was created in 1925 by Raghunath Murmu for the Santali language, and publicized first in 1939 at a Mayurbhanj State exhibition.[2] Unlike most Indic scripts, Ol Chiki is not an abugida, but is a true alphabet: giving the vowels equal representation with the consonants.

Raghunath Murmu, Creator of Ol Chiki script. Before the invention of Ol Chiki script, Santali was written in Bangla, Devanagari, Kalinga and Latin script. However, Santali is not an Indo-Aryan language and Indic scripts did not have letters for all of Santali’s phonemes, especially its stop consonants and vowels, which make it difficult to write the language accurately in an unmodified Indic script.

For example, when missionary and linguist Paul Olaf Bodding, a Norwegian, studied the Santali language and needed to decide how to transcribe it (in producing his widely followed and widely respected reference books such as A Santal Dictionary), he decided to transcribe Santali in the Roman alphabet: despite his observation that Roman script lacks many of the advantages of the Indic scripts, he concluded that the Indic scripts could not adequately serve the Santali language because the Indic scripts lack a way to indicate important features of Santali pronunciation (such as glottalization, combined glottalization and nasalization, and check stops) which can be more easily represented in the Roman alphabet through the use of diacritics.(Wikipedia)


The phonology of the Santali language had also been similarly analyzed by various other authors, including Byomkes Chakrabarti in Comparative Study of Santali and Bengali and Baghrai Charan Hembram in A Glimpse of Santali Grammar. However, the Ol Chiki alphabet is considered (by many Santali) to be even more appropriate for the language, because its letter-shapes are derived from the sounds of common Santali words and other frequent Santali morphemes: nouns, demonstratives, adjectives, and verb roots in the Santali language. In other words, each Santali letter’s name is, or is derived from, a common word or other element of the Santali language, and each letter’s shape is derive from a simple drawing of the meaning of that word or other element. For example, the Santali letter “ol” (representing the sound /l/) is written with a shape originally derived from a simplified outline drawing of a hand holding a pen, because the name of this letter is also the Santali word for “writing.”(Wikipedia)

Ol Chiki Script


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