Congress president Rahul Gandhi on Monday promised that his party would, if it comes to power, guarantee an income of at least Rs 12,000 a month for India’s poorest families by giving them Rs 6,000 a month. The head of the party’s data analytics department Praveen Chakravarty explained the provenance of the Rs 12,000 number by pointing out that data shows that India’s poorest earn between Rs 5,000 and Rs 6,000 a month.
Gandhi said the minimum income guarantee scheme, named Nyay (justice) by the party, would cover 50 million families, or 250 million individuals, that constitute the poorest 20% of Indian households.
It will cost Rs 3.6 lakh crore, around 2% of India’s GDP, but Gandhi insisted that it was fiscally prudent.
“Remember the number… Congress guarantees 20% of India’s poor will make at least Rs 72,000 annually,” Gandhi said after a CWC meeting that approved the party’s draft manifesto, to be released on April 2.
Union finance minister Arun Jaitley said in a blog after the contours of the proposed scheme were announced by Rahul Gandhi that it reflected a failure on the part of previous Congress and Congress-led governments, including those of Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, and Manmohan Singh. He also said that the total promised by the Congress (Rs 72,000 a year) is just around two-thirds of what the NDA gives the poor.
“This announcement is an admission of the fact that neither Indira ji nor her son and certainly not the UPA government controlled by her descendants, was able to remove poverty. The Congress in general and the Gandhi family in particular, since “Garibi Hatao” slogan was given, has ruled India for more than two-third of that period. If it has failed to even address poverty during this period, why should India believe it? Even though the details of the scheme are now known, it was said that the payment will be by DBT. The Congress Party’s internal economist has said that there will be no additional burden on the fiscal deficit,” he said.
The name Nyay was suggested by party general secretary Priyanka Gandhi Vadra, at the Congress Working Committee meeting at Ahmedabad on March 12, according to a senior functionary. “Nyay” is an acronym for ‘Nyuntam Aay Yojana’ (minimum income scheme).
Back in January, Gandhi announced the guarantee scheme but hadn’t spelt out its broad contours. The government’s think tank, NITI Aayog, criticised the plan then, declaring that India neither had the kind of fiscal space, nor the kind of complete data needed to implement such a scheme.
“This is about justice for the poor,” Gandhi said, insisting that the Congress had done its homework.
“We have checked it again and again and again. It is fiscally, perfectly possible. We committed MGNREGA (rural job guarantee scheme), we did it. We will eradicate poverty from India,” he said. The Congress chief said the job guarantee scheme has pulled 140 million people out of poverty. This, he added, was the second phase.
“In the second phase, 250 million people will be pulled out… It is an extremely powerful, dynamic and extremely well thought-out idea… We have done the calculations,” he said.
The income guarantee plan fits with Gandhi’s campaign pitch that targets Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the ruling NDA, accusing them of working for the rich. “If Narendra Modi can give money to the rich people in the country, then Congress can give the poor this money,” he said.
The scheme is widely seen as a version of universal basic income (UBI), a concept that entitles families to a certain threshold sum of money regardless of whether they work or not.
UBI first became part of the official discourse when the country’s then chief economic adviser Arvind Subramanian proposed it in the Economic Survey 2016-17. But the government did not pursue it.
“The final assault on poverty has begun. We will wipe out poverty from the country,” Gandhi said.
Chakravarty said that the scheme meant that some families would “ earn more than Rs 12000”, but added that this was fine.
He said a committee of experts will help design and implement the scheme. “We will bring in states because it is a federal scheme. Then we will roll out a pilot and in phases. It is our commitment that all 50 million families will be covered in less than two years.”
As of now, Chakravarty said the total government expenditure of both the Centre and the states amounts to Rs 60 lakh crore.
“It is an economic idea and the world over, this has been discussed and debated. It is basically a direct attack on poverty. Secondly, it is remonetising India’s economy and not demonetisation. We are putting money back in the hands of people. Yeh note bandi nahi note wapasi hai,” he said.